Filmmaker who bore witness to Holocaust

first_imgClaude Lanzmann created “Shoah” (1985), that iconic act of cinematic witnessing that decades ago revised the way people view the Holocaust.Lanzmann, the film’s chain-smoking, tireless interviewer, is 86 now, and his celluloid image is hard to reconcile with the man who visited Harvard for two days last week (March 22 and 23). In events to promote his memoir (“The Patagonian Hare,” freshly translated into English) and to screen his latest film (“The Karski Report,” 2010), he appeared before packed auditoriums looking hunched, florid, and weak from a fever and cough. At each event, “I am sick” were his first words.But then came the flashing insights, the sharp opinions, and the impatient brushing off of questions he deemed stupid. This is the same tough-minded Claude Lanzmann, after all, who for 12 dogged years pursued the witnesses for “Shoah,” ex-Nazi, Pole, and Jew alike. He also arranged to film much of his work in Poland’s now-placid scenes of old crimes, and he fought to bring order from nearly 300 hours of film, honing it to nine-and-a-half hours.It was also the same Lanzmann who as a teenager (and a secret Jew) joined the French Resistance; who sometimes hid a revolver in his school uniform; who once escaped arrest (his father saved the day, blazing to the rescue with a Colt pistol); who clamped magazines into a Bren machine gun during an ambush of German troops; and who — as a postwar, cash-poor philosophy student in Paris — once dressed as a parish priest to cadge money for a phony charity.Why the “hare” in the autobiography’s title? It’s the question with which Peter E. Gordon began his March 22 conversation, and Lanzmann’s answer was immediate. “They are beautiful, they are fast,” he said, adding the word “noble” in the book itself, where he recounts seeing hundreds of the fleet animals on a Patagonian roadway. Lanzmann reminded his audience that “Shoah” includes two brief scenes that lingered on hares, with one crouching to escape under rusting barbed wire at Birkenau. “I like to think,” he wrote of Jews in his gorgeous, lushly detailed book, “that many of my people chose, as I would, to come back as hares.”In the film, when the hare slithers under the wire, there is a voice-over by Rudolf Vrba, a Slovak Jew who escaped from the Auschwitz concentration camp after nearly two years of captivity, and who immediately wrote a report that he said could have saved some of those doomed to extermination. He was interviewed for “Shoah,” and was “one of the heroes of the film,” Lanzmann wrote.Gordon is Harvard’s Amabel B. James Professor of History and moderated the first event, a conversation with his witty, difficult subject in Boylston Hall’s Fong Auditorium.The lovely landscape of Patagonia reminded the director of a lesson he embraced often after the war — that places are resonant, rife with meaning and memory.In “Shoah,” the landscape itself is a witness. Long panning shots take in green fields where bodies were burned and bones were pounded into meal with sticks. There are mounds of earth, sloping pathways where naked Jews were harried, heaps of stones from crematoria, placid rivers on which Nazis once fished, and the gravel lot where a castle-like prison had stood. Behind there, long ago, were parked the gas vans that were the original instruments of mass murder. Lanzmann, who began the film’s interviews three decades after the war, was astonished to be “first on the scene of the crime.”And he was astonished to find anyone involved still alive, he said. “When I started this work of 12 years, I thought everybody was dead — the killers too, and the witnesses. To discover some were alive was like an archaeological excavation.”The film is not about survivors, said Lanzmann, or about the searing horror images of the Holocaust. (There are none in “Shoah,” “not a single corpse,” he said.) The film is about getting to the heart of the gas chamber — one was so big that 3,000 people could be gassed at once — and to the heart of the unseen. “It took time to find the core of this film,” said Lanzmann, “and the core is the gas chamber.”As for the film’s human witnesses, including a barber who cut women’s hair as they waited, unknowing, in the gas chamber, he said: “I don’t call them survivors. I call them ghosts.”Lanzmann touched on his reputation as a harsh interviewer, including the scene in “Shoah” in which he hectors Abraham Bomba, once a barber at Treblinka, to finish his story. There were only five minutes of film left in the camera, Lanzmann said. Besides, in that kind of work, “you can’t expect the fair-play rules of a cricket player.”last_img read more

Mexico Hosts MLAC 2018

first_imgBy Kay Valle/Diálogo April 27, 2018 In mid-March, marine and naval infantry leaders and officers from across the Americas met to address common security issues. The 2018 Marine Leaders of the Americas Conference (MLAC) took place in Mexico City, Mexico, March 12th-16th. Seventeen countries from across the Americas attended the seventh edition of MLAC. Military attachés from South Korea and the United Kingdom also participated. The U.S Marine Corps Forces, South- (MARFORSOUTH) sponsored event, was coordinated with support from the Mexican Marine Corps, which hosted MLAC for the first time. The purpose of this triennial conference is to strengthen relations among marine officers and tighten the bonds of friendship among partner nations in the Americas. Together, officers review their operational efforts, common interests, and needs. They also developed action strategies to deal with regional threats. “Those of us here today have a clear vision of our continent’s strategic value and of each of its regions,” Admiral Vidal Francisco Soberón Sanz, Secretary of the Mexican Navy, said at the event launch. “Thus, we believe that those of us who share these latitudes also share the same challenges and concerns.” Topics presented At MLAC 2018, participants focused on the support role of marine forces in upholding the rule of law. The conference provided an opportunity to learn about the scope of the region’s various marine corps and exchange knowledge to boost emergency response capabilities. “MLAC 2018 […] reviewed the role of partner nations’ marine corps in supporting public security operations, such as how to deal with narcotrafficking activities and their legal limitations under police command,” Augustin Bolanio, director of Exercises for MARFORSOUTH, told Diálogo. “That is, under the command of the law enforcement agencies that are legally responsible for maintaining public order.” The main topics at the conference—lectures from navy infantry and marine officers, who are experts in intelligence, terrorism, and political science—addressed the identity and values of the force, the legal aspects of its participation in upholding the rule of law, and its operational concept, among other issues. U.S. Marine Corps Major General David G. Bellon, commander of MARFORSOUTH, stressed the concept of multinational responses to regional crises. “Maj. Gen. Bellon’s presentation, which came after the partner nations’ presentations, addressed the establishment of a multinational maritime force ready to provide humanitarian aid and assistance in any disaster in any region, as well as some level of law enforcement support, when requested by the host country in order to deal with certain threats from transnational organized crime, such as drug trafficking,” Bolanio explained. “[His presentation was] a very important contribution.” Additional events Each marine or naval infantry commander participated in a bilateral meeting with Maj. Gen. Bellon to examine each country’s particular problems and how to deal with them through combined operations. Participants also discussed regional issues with the officers present. “Each commander had the opportunity to hold bilateral meetings with all the other commanders from the various countries,” Commander Richard Dubón, spokesman for the Honduran Naval Force, told Diálogo. “They exchanged their experiences and their strategic and doctrinal perspectives on combat and on the factors that lead to violence and transnational crime.” The Mexican Marine Corps leveraged the event to perform a demonstration of training exercises at its Specialized Marine Training and Readiness Center (CCAEIM, in Spanish). Located in Champotón in the southern Mexican state of Campeche, CCAEIM trains Mexican and international officers on tactics and techniques such as air infiltration, anti-narcotrafficking operations, and locating and neutralizing explosives. Successful conference MLAC’s origins date back to a bilateral meeting held in 1999, during which the commanders of the U.S. and Argentine Marine Corps considered establishing an inter-American military cooperation effort. The first MLAC was held in 2001 in Guayaquil, Ecuador. Over the years, leaders have focused on diverse topics, such as the challenges that forces face in the 21st century; operational issues in the fight against narcotrafficking, terrorism, and other transnational threats; and challenges to security and stabilization operations. In the latest editions of the event, MLAC included humanitarian assistance and disaster response among its topics. For Honduras, whose Marine Corps was established in 2001, the experience was very positive. “The lessons learned and the strategies and doctrines of nations that have similar conflicts to our own go a long way to help strengthen our own doctrine so that we don’t make the same mistakes that other countries have made,” Cmdr. Dubón said. “We will continue to study these threats and counteract their activities through these efforts of cooperation, security, and brotherhood among our nations,” he concluded. The next MLAC is tentatively scheduled for 2021 in Miami, Florida.last_img read more

F-M, J-D indoor track both win big at Bob Grieve Invitational

first_imgIndoor track teams from Fayetteville-Manlius and Jamesville-DeWitt would find plenty of success during separate sessions of last Saturday’s Bob Grieve Invitational at SRC Arena.F-M’s girls won the morning session with 147 points to Liverpool’s 136.5, with the boys Hornets getting 77 points, second behind the Warriors’ winning total of 114.Claire Walters needed 2:59.32 to prevail at 1,000 meters as she joined Phoebe White, Maddy Duggleby and Grace Kaercher to go 9:39.98 in the 4×800 relay.White, Grace Kaercher, Fiona Mejico and Arianna Caron won the 4×400 relay in 4:07.43, with Hannah Kaercher second (4:43.57) and Grace Kaercher third (4:51.75) in the 1,500-meter run as the Hornets finished second in the 4×200 relay in 1:52.71.Isabel Zuber won the triple jump, going 35 feet 5 inches as she and Samantha Pynn (32’8 ¾”) went 1-2, Zuber also second in the long jump with 16’5 ½’ as Pynn finished fourth. Harper Stoppacher cleared 5’2” in the high jump to finish seconds, with Wren Usiatynski clearing 9 feet in the pole vault for third place.Ani Sydorowych was second and Amelia Amack fourth in the 3,000-meter run, Lejla Borcillo taking fourth in the 600-meter run as Natalee Barber was third in the 55-meter hurdles. Maya McKenzie was fourth and Elrose Hanlon fifth in the 300-meter dash, with Tochi Ezidegwu fifth in the shot put.The F-M boys had Dan Sokolovic throwing the shot put 43’9 ½” to win there and then unleash a winning weight throw of 49’11 ½” to sweep the throwing events.Peyton Geehrer won the 1,000 in 2:40.39, with Corey Gallagher winning the 300 in 38.19 seconds as Ian Brown finished fourth andGeehrer, Sam Otis, Geoff Howles and Jack Altimonda roared to a win in the 4×800 in 8:29.93, with the Hornets third in the 4×200 in 1:43.30.. Gallagher was fourth in the 55-meter dash, with Trevor Kurkin fourth in the 1,600-meter run.Then it was Jamesville-DeWitt’s turn in the afternoon session of the Grieve meet, and the Red Rams got 159.5 points, second to Cicero-North Syracuse (187.5) as the girls finished third with 96 points.Joe Staples won the boys 55 sprint for J-D in 6.88 seconds to the 6.92 from C-NS’s Sam Nessel, and Nick Dekaney dominated the 55 hurdles, winning in 8.36 seconds. Staples, Dekaney, Josh Duby and Haberle Conlon paired to win the 4×200 in 1:35.55.In the 4×800, the Rams has Kaleel Boykins, Ahviere Reese, Renaldo Colon and Josh Hillers win in 8:47.62. J-D also got second place in the 4×400 in 3:41.70 to West Genesee’s 3:41.40 as Conlon finished third in the 300.James Richer had a winning shot put throw of 43’6 ¾”, with Ben Staples (40’ ¾”) fourth, but moving up to win the weight throw by going 45’6 ¼” as Richer was third (40’5 ½”) and Jason Pritts fourth (39’3 ½”).Caleb Smith had a second-place long jump of 19’9 ½” and was second (37’3 ¼”) over Aniket Maini (37’ 1 ½”) in the triple jump. Dekaney topped 5’8” for second place in the high jump, with Smith (5’6”) in third place.Sam Smith got third place in the 1,000, ahead of Nate Rindfuss in fifth place.. Boykins got third place in the 1,500 and Reese was fifth as Tyler Aitken was fifth in the 3,200.On the girls side for J-D, Rainer Yaeger beat the field in the long jump, going 15’10 ½”, and was second in the triple jump with 33’4”. Laetticia Bazile cleared 5 feet in the high jump for second place.Eva Wisniewski won the pole vault, clearing 8’6” as Lucy Heflin (7 feet) was third. Monica Hernandez was second in the 55 hurdles in 9.68 seconds, with Bazile fifth, the pair helping the Rams finish third in the 4×200 in 1:55.38.The J-D girls were third in the 4×400 and fourth in the 4×800 as Grace Bridge was third in the 600 in 1:47.93 and Jillian Kordas was fifth in the 1,500. Brelyn Tyler finished fifth in the shot put.Share this:FacebookTwitterLinkedInRedditComment on this Story Tags: F-Mindoor trackJ-Dlast_img read more

Mourinho calls Spurs youngster Parrott ‘The Privileged One’ ahead of cup clash

first_imgJOSE MOURINHO has labelled Tottenham teen sensation Troy Parrott: “The Privileged One.”Republic of Ireland rookie Parrott, 18, will be on the bench for Spurs’ FA Cup fifth round clash at home to Norwich on Wednesday night.2 Mourinho has called young star Parrott ‘The Privileged One’Credit: Rex Features2 Parrott scored for the Under-23s against Wolves on MondayCredit: GettyThe young striker scored for the club’s Under-23s in their 3-2 win over Wolves last night.Mourinho has resisted calls to start the young forward despite serious injuries to Harry Kane and Son Heung-min.The Tottenham boss said: “We are taking very good care of him and we cannot tell you everything or every detail.”We are taking good care of a young player but also taking care of a young boy in society, life, private life and that is a process.”He is 18 but one month ago he was 17 so he is not even close to being 19.“So we are taking good care of him. Yesterday we decided it was good for him to play for the Under-23s but only for 45 minutes.“The objective was to give him some match time but not 90 minutes because tomorrow he will be on the bench. It is a process.”MAKE YOUR DEBUT Bet £5 get £20 in free bets for new customers at LadbrokesMourinho was cheered sarcastically by fans when he waited until stoppage time to send on Parrott in Sunday’s 3-2 Premier League at home by Wolves.But the Special One insists he and Spurs are doing right by their Irish prospect.He said: “We take care of the players. Of course it was not my work but for Harry Winks to arrive into the position of club captain in a Premier League match shows what can be done in this club.“A kid who comes here at nine, ten years old, is taken care of, comes into the first team, plays in the first team and then arrives at a moment where he even wears the armband.“Troy is in a process, a young kid with a lot, a lot, a lot to learn.”Parrott won his only Republic of Ireland cap in their friendly against New Zealand in November.Ireland manager Mick McCarthy wanted Tottenham to send the teenager out on loan in January – but the club declined as it would have affected his home-grown status.[pod_component pod_component_config_id=”tbXo0vxhe” pod_component_config_url=”” pod_component_config_loader_url=”″ src=””]MORE SPURS STORIESHARRY ALL FOUR ITKane admits Spurs must win EIGHT games to rise into Champions League spotGossipALL GONE PETE TONGVertonghen wanted by host of Italian clubs as long Spurs spell nears endBELOW PARRSpurs suffer blow with Parrott to miss Prem restart after appendix operationPicturedSHIRT STORMNew Spurs 2020/21 home top leaked but angry fans slam silver design as ‘awful”STEP BY STEP’Jose fears for players’ welfare during restart as stars begin ‘pre-season’KAN’T HAVE THATVictor Osimhen keen on Spurs move but only if they sell Kane this summerYOU KAN DO ITKlinsmann quit Spurs to win trophies but says Kane’s better off stayingTURBULENT PAIRINGDrogba and Mido had mid-flight brawl after stewardess prank went wrongGossipSPURRED ONTottenham table contract offer for Bayern Munich’s teenage starlet Taylor BoothExclusivePASS THE TESTEngland’s NRL-based stars urge bosses to make room for a Test this yearMourinho added: “Parrott has qualities, he has potential but he is not the end product.“He has a lot to learn and develop at every level but he is going to be on the bench tomorrow again.“He already has two appearances in the Premier League which is something not very normal for an 18 year old kid so he is a privileged one.“And at the moment he understands the privilege he has to be training as part of the first team every day with experienced coaches and players, with very good people in the academy he is a privileged one. Step by step.”Jose Mourinho feels like ‘a gun with no bullets’ as strikerless Tottenham fail to break down Leipziglast_img read more